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Types of Mesothelioma

Writer : dR. Sabrina Olan

Types of Mesothelioma, What are the Types of Mesothelioma?

The four types of mesothelioma are:

  • Pleural (lungs)
  • Peritoneal (abdomen)
  • Pericardial (heart)
  • Testicular

Pleural mesothelioma is the most common type of mesothelioma, and it develops in the lung's thin, protective lining as a tumor. Peritoneal mesothelioma is the second most common type of mesothelioma, which develops on the lining of the abdomen. Pericardial and testicular mesothelioma are the two rarest types, accounting for only 2% of all cases.

Pleural Mesothelioma

The most common type of mesothelioma, affecting about 75% of those diagnosed, is pleural. The lungs' thin, protective lining is where this cancer takes hold. Pleural mesothelioma symptoms include, but are not limited to:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Dry cough
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Lethargy/Fatigue

Depending on the stage of your pleural mesothelioma, you have a variety of treatment options. Stage I and II pleural mesothelioma patients have better surgical and treatment options than those with Stage III or IV mesothelioma. It's important to keep your quality of life as high as possible in the later stages of pleural cancer.

Peritoneal Mesothelioma

As the second most common form of the disease, peritoneal mesothelioma accounts for approximately 20% of all mesothelioma diagnoses The abdomen's thin, protective lining is the site of this cancer's development. Peritoneal mesothelioma may or may not have the following symptoms:

  • Pain in abdomen
  • Swelling in abdomen
  • Loss of weight
  • Vomiting/Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Lethargy/Fatigue

If you've been diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma, your treatment options will depend on how advanced the cancer is. There are more surgical and treatment options available to patients with early stage peritoneal mesothelioma than for those with stage III or IV disease. Later on in the course of peritoneal mesothelioma, the goal becomes lessening symptoms and enhancing your well-being.

Pericardial Mesothelioma

If you've been diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma, your treatment options will depend on how advanced the cancer is. There are more surgical and treatment options available to patients with early stage peritoneal mesothelioma than for those with stage III or IV disease. Later on in the course of peritoneal mesothelioma, the goal becomes lessening symptoms and enhancing your well-being.

  • Heartbeat irregularity
  • Pain in the chest
  • Coughing
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Lethargy/Fatigue

Treatment options for pericardial mesothelioma are stage-dependent, as is the case with all mesothelioma cancers. In most cases, pericardial mesothelioma is found only after the disease has progressed to a more advanced stage. A heart tumor removal surgery is extremely risky and difficult.

Testicular Mesothelioma

Rarely occurring, testicular mesothelioma develops in the thin protective lining surrounding the testicles. Most mesothelioma cases are not testicular mesothelioma at all. may or may not be present in patients with testicular mesothelioma

  • Lumps on the testicle
  • Scrotum swelling

There are many treatment options available to you based on the stage of your testicular mesothelioma. It is recommended that patients undergo surgery to remove the tumor if the testicular mesothelioma is detected early enough.

What Is the Most Common Type of Mesothelioma? - Type I

In spite of its rarity, mesothelioma is an aggressive cancer that can spread rapidly throughout the body. This is why early detection of mesothelioma is critical in preventing the cancer from spreading. Pleural mesothelioma is the most common form of mesothelioma, accounting for approximately 75% of all cases. Next in line is peritoneal mesothelioma, which accounts for about 20% of all cases of mesothelioma in the general population. Diagnoses of pericardial and testicular cancer account for less than one percent of all mesothelioma cases.


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Mesothelioma Cancer